Tag Archives: macOS

Due to the simplicity and similarities in commands of both Linux and Mac OS, users tend to view them as similar operating systems. Although they have similar kernels, both have completely different histories. 

In 1985, Steve Jobs after leaving Apple worked on an operating system called NeXTSTEP OS. In order to make this OS, his team combined some codes from BSD codes and used them with Mach Kernel from Carnegie Mellon. Apple, later on, purchased the NeXTSTEP OS in 1997 as they failed to update their existing OS. Then Apple renamed the OS to Mac OS. Its kernel was called XNU or “X is Not Unix”.  Mac OS is strictly used for Apple devices.

Linux Kernel, on the other hand, was developed by a student Linus Torvalds in 1991 for his x86 intel processor. He created an open-source operating system and posted it on Usenet. Now after 27 years, Linux is the most commonly used operating system. The most famous release of Linux is Android followed by Arch Linux and Debian Linux.

Here we will highlight the major differences between Linux and Mac OS:

1. File Structure

Both of these operating systems have similar command lines. Their differences come into view when you look at the architecture. So, Linux has a data tree on to which it mounts all the drives and files. However, Mac OS stores files in the form of directories, like Windows, that can be accessed as /Developer, /tmp, etc. 

2. Storage

Linux uses the same format of storage for application settings as it does for file storage. The settings can be found in a hierarchy format without any centralized database in existence. However, Mac OS gives the application settings the extension .plist. This file is located in /Library/Preferences and has all the relevant application settings in text or binary format.

3. Switching Network Interfaces

In Linux, you can switch interfaces without the need to install any program. Simply use GNOME or similar applications. Whereas for Mac OS, interfaces can be managed by making changes in the system preferences. 

4. Console

Both Linux and Mac OS provide a console terminal on which the users can write and run commands. Moreover, the terminal also provides information to the users.

In a nutshell, Linux and Mac OS look alike at a glance. But when you dig in a little deeper, you start to understand the key differences that make them incompatible.

Linux is a very reliable, more secure and easy to use the operating system. And because of its number of useful features, most developers and programmers choose this OS for their computers. If you are currently using macOS and want to switch to Linux, then here is an ultimate guide on how you can use Linux on macOS.

macOS Shares the Same GUI Heritage as Linux:

Linux and macOS are somehow related to operating systems, which is why it is quite easy to use Linux on a macOS. Just as Linux has a GUI – the UNIX, macOS also shares a similar user interface with the GNU.

Use or Install Linux on macOS

There are two methods with which you can use Linux on macOS – one is using a ‘Virtualisation Software’; and the other one is to completely replace the macOS with the Linux version such as Ubuntu, Fedora, Linux Mint or Kubuntu, etc.

Use Linux on macOS via Virtualisation Software:

The best and easy way to get Linux on your Macbook is through virtualization software. There are many virtualization software such as Parallel Desktop or VirtualBox etc. With the help of this software, you can run Linux within the macOS environment on even on old hardware.

Here are the steps on how you can install Linux on Mac using a Virtualisation Software:

  1. Download the Linux version such as Ubuntu on mac.
  2. Go to the ‘Parallels Desktop’ and from there select ‘File’ and then chose ‘New’.
  3. Now select ‘install windows/another OS’ via a DVD/image file then ‘Continue’.
  4. The parallel Desktop software will automatically locate the OS files on the computer.
  5. Choose the Linux version you want to use and then again hit the continue button.
  6. Now enter your full name, user name, and password and verify your details then click continue.
  7. The file would be saved in the ‘Users’ section. You can change the location of the virtualization or continue from there.

To use Linux within macOS, go to the Control Center of the Parallels and enjoy the best OS on your computer!