The file system is a logical collection of files on a disk. In Linux, all users including the root user which is also known as the superuser have their own home directories to save their data in.
Linux Directory Structure:
In Linux, you can choose any method to manage files and folders with a file manager or with the command line. The thing you should consider is that you must have good knowledge of the Linux commands to use command line method.
Linux and Unix use a tree-like file system structure with root (/) at the base of the file system. All the other directories spread from there. Each of these directories has a specific purpose. Generally, they hold the same types of information so that you can easily locate files. The following are the common directories found in Linux and Unix:
This is the root directory which contains the directories needed at the top level of the file structure.
This directory contains the executable files. These files are available to all users.
It holds device files that represent hardware components.
It contains shared library files and sometimes other kernel-related files.
This directory holds temporary files used between system boots.
It contains files for booting the system.
This directory host-specific system configuration files.
It contains the home directory for users and other accounts on the server.
Basically, it contains variable-length files such as log and print files and any other type of file that may contain a variable data.
This directory used to mount other temporary file systems, such as CD-ROM and floppy for the respective drive.
This directory contains all processes marked as a file by process number or other information that is dynamic in the system.
This directory used for
It contains binary files, basically for system administration. For example, fdisk and ifconfig utlities.
This directory contains kernel files.
Please refer our other file system related articles at following theselinks:
I hope these articles will help you understand the Linux File System easily.