What is Linux Mint?

Linux Mint is a Linux distribution. It is a free and open-source operating software. It is based on Ubuntu which is based on Debian. The aim of the organization is to provide an easy to use and user-friendly OS. Clément Lefèbvre developed the software which is now being managed by ‘the Linux Mint Community’.

To download the software, click here.

Why should you choose Linux Mint?

The operating system has many features that gives it an edge over other OS. Such OS include both Linux distributions and non-Linux based systems such as Windows. A few of these features are listed below.

Features

  • Lightweight and Fast: The OS is lightweight and since it can perform many functions out-of-the-box it further augments its advantage. It is also fast. When you compare it with other Linux distributions and non-Linux based OS, it is prominent that Mint falls in the fast-OS category. Moreover, it can also run on low-end computers which makes it even better.
  • Software Manager: It has a fast, modern software manager which divides the software into different categories hence making it easier for you to navigate through the list and find the desired one.
  • Essential apps: The OS comes pre-installed with many useful and essential applications.
  • Ease of use: It is, in many respects, easy to use. You can perform tasks such as customization and software installation quite effortlessly on Mint. Although when you compare it with non-Linux based OS such as Windows and macOS it is not much but for Linux distributions this is not a common characteristic.
  • Windows-like: The look of the OS is very similar to Windows. This helps users who migrate from MS Windows to get used to Linux Mint easier than other OS.
  • Open-source and free: Although this has been mentioned above but it is worth mentioning again and in detail. Open-source software give you freedom, control and better understandability. Moreover, since it is free, you save money that you would’ve spent on other OS.

What is Debian?

Debian is an operating system and a Linux distribution developed by ‘The Debian Project’. The OS is free and open-source. It is one of the oldest Linux distributions and many of the modern distros such as Ubuntu are based on its code.

To download Debian, click on this link.

Why should you use it?

The first benefit of most Linux distributions, that make them better than other competitive OS, is that they are free, and Debian is no different. They don’t charge you any money for the software. This gives it an advantage over many popular OS like Windows.

One more thing that is common among Linux Distributions is that they are open-source. Open-source software provide you with a lot of benefits. Such benefits include:

  • More control over the OS.
  • Disabling unwanted features.
  • Ability to modify the system.
  • Better understandability of the system.
  • Possibility of altering the operating system and creating your own OS that you can distribute, unless restricted by its distributor. However, there is no such restriction in Debian’s case.

Some other features that make it worth using are given below.

Features

  • A broad community to help you out: A community is very helpful for open-source software since if you encounter a bug you can turn to the community for help. As you can change the code of the OS solving the bug can be easier. This way you can solve your problems before the developers release a potential update for solving it. Moreover, since there are many active members in the community means that there will be more people to assist you.
  • Versatility: It has different branches that you can choose from. These branches include Stable (the current stable version), Old-stable (the previous stable version), Unstable (a version that incorporates latest technologies and software however it may have bugs and is not stable) and Testing (a version that includes latest technology and software that have been tested).
  • Policy Manual:  Its detailed manual helps new users get started.

What is CentOS?

CentOS is a Linux Distribution. It was developed by The CentOS Project which is affiliated with Red Hat. It is based on Red Hat Linux which is a discontinued Linux distro.

Click here to download CentOS.

Why should you download CentOS?

You should download the OS because it is free. It means that by choosing CentOS you immediately save money that you might have spent on another operating system such as Windows. It is also open-source. Open-source software allow more customization and give you more control over the system. It means that you can shut off unwanted features and services and add stuff to the system. However, most Linux based OS have these features then what makes CentOS so special? Here are some features that make it special.

Features

  • Stable: There are two branches of Linux Distros one prioritizes new technology while the others concentrate more on stability. This OS puts more effort into stability. The developers make sure that every new update is stable before it is released and therefore it might not always have the latest software.
  • Secure: The operating software is one of the most secure Linux distribution available and who doesn’t prefer security.
  • Less Updates: There are some Linux distros that provide frequent updates to provide the latest software however CentOS isn’t one of them. As discussed above the operating system thrives for stability. Therefore, the developers must check each and every aspect of new technology and they have to make modify the system to make it compatible with the technology making sure that there would not be any bugs and crashes. This requires time and that is why there are less frequent updates.
  • Usage: This OS is better suited for businesses and servers. Both of these require a system that is stable, and which doesn’t change frequently. Moreover, they also require a system that would be secure as there is a lot of confidential information stored on them. The OS has all of these features.

What is Ubuntu?

Ubuntu is a Linux distribution that is based on Debian. It is a free and open-source operating system developed by Canonical Ltd.. There are many different flavors of the OS such as Lubuntu, Xubuntu, Kubuntu and but we will be talking about the software in general.

To download Ubuntu, click here.

Why do you need it?

There are so many operating systems out there like Windows and macOS. Why should you select Ubuntu then? Here are all the main reasons that make it worth choosing.

Free

One of the most prominent features of this OS and most other Linux distributions that distinguish them from other operating systems is that they are available for free. Most of its competitors are not free and you have to purchase them.

Open-source

As mentioned above this OS is open-source. Open-source software give you more control over them. You can customize them to great extents according to your needs. Moreover, mostly bugs are fixed quicker on such software.

User friendly

Perhaps the normal perception of many users is that Linux based OS are hard to work on and non-user-friendly. This is one of the main reasons why people don’t want to migrate from other OS, such as Windows, to Ubuntu. However, this is not the case. Although it may not be as user friendly as Windows it is no rocket science either. Once you give it a try after some time you would find it quite easy to use.

More Secure

It is more secure than other OS such as Windows. One reason for that is that there are less viruses and malware out there for the OS than Windows. This is because Windows has more market share than it does. Another reason is that you can easily configure and make adjustments to it such as stopping services.

Frequent and regular updates

The OS is updated every six months and long-term supports are released every 2 years. These updates ensure greater security and hardware support.

Now that you have a bootable copy of each OS on DVDs or USBs (as explained in part 1) here are the rest of the steps to use Windows and Linux on a single computer.

Installing the two OS

Now the next step is installing Windows and Linux on your computer. For Windows, you are going to need a product key unless your computer came with Windows already installed. In such a case the key would be embedded into your computer. But if you bought the retail version of Windows during the installation process you are going to need that key for proceeding forward. For Linux, since in most cases it is free, you don’t require such. Just follow the instructions of the installer to advance. You would find installing Windows a lot easier and less time taking. While for the Linux distribution it is highly likely that you would need to invest your time, energy and mind.

It is better to install Windows first

If you want to make this process less hectic install Windows first on your PC. Why? Because during the installation process many Linux distributions, such as Ubuntu, give you the option to install it while keeping Windows. If you select this option, the installer will handle this. It will analyze the Windows and partition your hard disk without causing any trouble. However, Windows provides you with no such option. Hence you would have to partition your hard disk if you want both the OS on a single hard disk and you might mess up.

Allocating Space

You’ll have to allocate space to each OS. This allocation would depend on your needs. You would definitely want Linux to have more memory than Windows if you wish to use it more often and vice versa.

Switching between the OS

To switch all you have to do is restart your system. You will be asked to select the OS you want to access when the computer is booting and that is it.

Why do you need Windows and Linux on a single computer?

There can be many reasons why a person might want the two operating systems on the same computer. For example, you want to migrate from Windows to Linux, but you are not sure whether you would like this change. So, if you straight ahead delete Windows but later realize that Linux isn’t for you (which is highly unlikely) then what? Some users keep Windows with Linux because there are certain software and games that you can not run on Linux, therefore, you need Windows to see them. But is it possible to keep two OS on a single computer? Yes, and here is how you can use both Windows and Linux on a single computer.

The First Step

The first thing that you need is obviously a copy of both the OS. If you don’t already have Windows pre-installed on your PC grab a copy of it. You’ll have to purchase it unless you already have a copy. If you don’t have the Windows on CD make a bootable form of it on USB or DVD-R. You are also going to need a bootable copy of the Linux distribution you wish to install. There are two ways you can acquire a Linux OS. They are mostly free and available on their official website. However, you can buy a disk containing a copy of the OS. This helps the developers of the OS get some money and you don’t have to make a bootable copy of it either.

How to make bootable copies

As mentioned above if you don’t have the OS on disk or USB, you’ll have to make them. For Windows download Windows Media Creation Tool and follow its steps for making a bootable copy. Whereas for Linux download and ISO image of the distribution from their site and use third-party software to make your USB a bootable Linux copy. As for DVD-R, you can use your default DVD burning software.

While windows and Mac have similar methods to install software, Linux has a different take on it. In Linux, you can’t look for software online on some website, instead, you search for it in your distribution’s software repository. 

Here we will walk you through the different terms you are going to encounter while trying to install software on your Linux OS. 

Software Repositories

Think of a software repository as your “app store”. All the software that you can possibly need for your Linux distribution is available here. You pick the required software and let the package manager do the rest.

Package Manager

Behind the scenes is the package manager. It takes care of all the installations on your Linux distribution. When you select software to install, the package manager will download and install it. Along with that, it will also search and install any other software package required for your selected one. Pretty handy!

Graphical Frontend

If you were to deal with the package manager on your own, it might have scared you away. To make this complex and intimidating sub-system easy and pretty-looking, all Linux distributions come with a frontend interface. 

For propriety software

Some software will not be available in your software repositories like Skype or Google Chrome. Since your distribution does not have the right to redistribute this software, you will have to download them from there relevant sites.

 Simply, go to the official website. Download the installation package available for your Linux distribution. Select the version you’d like to install. You will then receive a package depending on your Linux distribution. Double click on that file and your package manager will take over from here.

Third-party repositories

For software that is not available elsewhere, a third-party repository is also a good place to look in. everyone can create their own repository also called personal package archives or PPA. 

There are many other ways to install software on Linux such as compiling right from the source code or using packages designed for windows etc. The methods described in this article, however, are enough for a beginner. 

‘Text Editors’ also known as ‘Editors’ are computer programs that are designed to create and edit plain and rich text files. One or more text editors are installed in every Operating System, by default. 

Features of Text Editors:

Text editors have various features that help to change the files. Such as ‘Documentation files’ as well as the ‘Configuration files’. Some of the features that come handy in the text editing and creation include, typing, deleting, erasing, the cursor moving, cut & copy-pasting. They also give the option of finding, replacing and saving, etc.

Moreover, they also have features referred to as ‘Source Code Editors’. These enable the users to edit and write ‘Programing language codes’. Other than that you can highlight the syntax, identify and rectify the errors, type at multiple places at the same time. 

Text Editors For Linux:

Just like any other OS, Linux desktop also supports a number of text editors. With more than ten different text editors you can install the one that suits your application. It helps to edit plain text, rich text and handles programming codes too.

–      For Plain Text:

Text editors for editing plain text on Linux are divided into two categories;

  • The GUI such as gedit, gvim, Tea, etc
  • The console editors like nano, pico, emacs or vim, etc.

While the GUI editors have user-friendly interface the console text editors offer suitability over even long-distance networks. 

–      For Rich Text:

Just like the plain text, Linux supports two major types of text editors to create and edit rich text. You can either use the HTML editors including Amaya, Bluefish, Quanta, or XML editors such as Oxygen, Eclipse, KXML editors, etc. 

–      For Programming Codes:

When it comes to edit or create computer programing languages/codes, there are a number of text editors that work perfectly in a Linux environment. Text editors like Sublime Text Editor, Atom, Codelite or CodeBlocks are some of the efficient and most compatible text editors for code generation and editing. 

Linux and Windows are both the computer operating systems or simply the OS. Both Linux and windows are compatible with x86 hardware including intel processors or AMD. Though the function of both the operating systems is almost the same, they differ in respect to their ‘Graphical User Interface (GUI)’.

Here is a brief list of differences between Linux and windows:

Overview of Windows OS:

When it comes to Microsoft Windows, is simply an extended version of the MS-DOS. It is not an open-source OS rather it is a commercial operating system. It means that not everyone has access to source code.

Furthermore, with Windows OS, the user has very limited customization options and it is vulnerable to malware & other viruses if used without anti-virus software. But comparatively, windows are simple to use, easy to access and have a more accessible support system than any other OS.

Overview of Linux OS:

Linux – is an open-source operating system and based on UNIX. It means its source code is accessible to everyone, whether a member or not. The user has a great variety of customization options and can also alter the source code to remove bugs. Moreover, the GUI of Linux comes with certain software that is helpful for the developers to perform their day-to-day tasks.

Unlike Windows, Linux is compatible with all devices including computers, smartphones, gaming consoles, e-book readers, and even cameras & video recorders. The users having a license can easily modify the software in Linux and they can operate this OS on multiple devices at a time.

Though Linux is more complicated to install, it makes complicated tasks much easier to perform. The best thing about this OS is that it is secure from malware and other security threats, even without anti-virus software.

Both operating systems – Microsoft Windows and Linux have their own features and advantages. But when it comes to security, accessibility, and ease of use, Linux outweighs windows. Also, Linux is more reliable and much faster than Windows.

The term IDE means ‘Integrated Development Environment’. It is a computer software application that serves computer programmers and developers in developing new software. Unlike the other programming software and tools, IDEs are open-source rather than commercial offerings. 

Features of IDE:

What makes the IDEs different from other programming software is the features and tools it offers. The whole idea behind this software application was to maximize the productivity of the programmers and developers. And IDE has made it possible by organizing all the necessary features and tools in one user-interface!

The IDE offers a variety of features and tools, and it is not wrong to call it an all-in-one solution. From code searcher, syntax highlighting, to refactoring and code completion, IDEs have it all. In addition to these features, IDE also offers tools for debugging, visual control and visual programming. 

Different Type of IDEs:

As every application and software has its unique coding, therefore every IDE is designed for a specific program. For example, there is a different IDE for developing an IOS application, and the same can’t be used for developing a web-based program. 

In order to create a successful program, the developer should carefully select the IDE that matches the type of application/program he wants to create. Basically, there are four major different IDEs, that includes:

– Web-based IDE,

– Cloud-based to Mobile IDE,

– Language-specific IDE,

– Multi-language IDE.

Benefits of Using IDEs:

The ultimate benefit of an IDE software is that it improves and maximizes productivity. With an IDE, the programmers don’t need to spend days to figure out the right tools anymore. Rather they get everything in one software. 

The fast and easy set-up, standardized tools designed under a single user interface, saves the programmer from configuration and learning multiple tools. This software has made it possible to easily create an application using a standardized program.

Furthermore, other benefits of IDE includes accessibility to development from anywhere in the world, ease of collaborations, and zero to minimal downloading and installation requirements.