QUOTACTL

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
SEE ALSO

NAME

quotactl − manipulate disk quotas

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/quota.h>

int quotactl(int cmd, const char *special, int id, caddr_t addr);

#include <linux/unistd.h>

_syscall4(int, quotactl, int, cmd, const char *, special , int, id, caddr_t, addr);

DESCRIPTION

The quota system defines for each user and/or group a soft limit and a hard limit bounding the amount of disk space that can be used on a given file system. The hard limit cannot be crossed. The soft limit can be crossed, but warnings will ensue. Moreover, the user cannot be above the soft limit for more than one week (by default) at a time: after this week the soft limit counts as hard limit.

The quotactl system call manipulates these quota. Its first argument is of the form QCMD(subcmd,type) where type is either USRQUOTA or GRPQUOTA (for user quota and group quota, respectively), and subcmd is described below.

The second argument special is the block special device these quota apply to. It must be mounted.

The third argument id is the user or group id these quota apply to (when relevant).

The fourth argument addr is the address of a data structure, depending on the command.

The subcmd is one of

Q_QUOTAON

Enable quotas. The addr argument is the pathname of the file containing the quotas for the filesystem.

Q_QUOTAOFF

Disable quotas.

Q_GETQUOTA

Get limits and current usage of disk space. The addr argument is a pointer to a dqblk structure (defined in <sys/quota.h>).

Q_SETQUOTA

Set limits and current usage; addr is as before.

Q_SETQLIM

Set limits; addr is as before.

Q_SETUSE

Set usage.

Q_SYNC

Sync disk copy of a filesystems quotas.

Q_GETSTATS

Get collected stats.

RETURN VALUE

On success, quotactl returns 0. On error, −1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

ERRORS

ENOPKG

The kernel was compiled without quota support.

EFAULT

Bad addr value.

EINVAL

type is not a known quota type. Or, special could not be found.

ENOTBLK

special is not a block special device.

ENODEV

special cannot be found in the mount table.

EACCES

The quota file is not an ordinary file.

EIO

Cannot read or write the quota file.

EMFILE

Too many open files: cannot open quota file.

EBUSY

Q_QUOTAON was asked, but quota were enabled already.

ESRCH

Q_GETQUOTA or Q_SETQUOTA or Q_SETUSE or Q_SETQLIM was asked for a file system that didn’t have quota enabled.

EPERM

The process was not root (for the file system), and Q_GETQUOTA was asked for another id than that of the process itself, or anything other than Q_GETSTATS or Q_SYNC was asked.

CONFORMING TO

BSD

SEE ALSO

quota(1), getrlimit(2), setrlimit(2), ulimit(3), quotacheck(8), quotaon(8)






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